Intel And Microsoft Partner For DARPA DPRIVE 'Holy Grail' Cybersecurity Project For Homomorphic Encryption
Fully homomorphic encryption (FHE) is a means by which data and privacy can be protected, but a computer can still use information. In essence, FHE allows encrypted data to be used in computing, and the decrypted output would be the same as if the data output was computed while decrypted. This way, data processing can still occur, but only the people who are allowed to see the data will.
Under the DARPA DPRIVE program, Intel will design an "application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) accelerator to reduce the performance overhead currently associated with fully homomorphic encryption." When the project is complete, the accelerator would effectively be an all-in-one black box for encryption which would offload computing overhead from the CPU in any system. This black-box could also be implemented in the cloud, such as Microsoft
Overall, this is an interesting technology advancement that will hopefully reduce cybersecurity threats and breaches in the future. Even if a malicious person could get into a network, data could remain encrypted, so it is useless to anyone besides the machine running operations on said data. Ultimately, this will be a multi-year project, so it may be some time before we see anything come to fruition, but keep an eye on HotHardware for updates in the future.